Area: 78,866 km²
Residents: 10,637,794 (June 2018)
Population density: 135 E / km²
Form of Government: Parliamentary republic
System of Government: Parliamentary democracy
Neighboring countries: Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Austria
Capital: Prague National
26.8% Roman- Catholic,
0.15% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Currency: Czech crown (CZK) = 100 Heller
1 EUR = 26.70 CZK
100 CZK = 3.89 EUR
1 CHF = 23.68 CZK
100 CZK = 4.22 CHF
(exchange rate from 13.07.2021)
Telephone area code: +420
Time zone: UTC +1
In 2020, 718 Germans officially emigrated to the Czech Republic and 596 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 8,621 Germans officially emigrated to the Czech Republic and 6,474 moved back to Germany. In 2020 there were officially 21,479 Germans living in the Czech Republic as well as around 20,000 other German speakers.
The largest population group are the Czechs (around 90% of the population), followed by the Moravians (4%) and the Slovaks (2%). Other minorities come from Poland, Ukraine, Vietnam and Russia. In 2017, 4.1% of the population were immigrants. Most of the residents speak Czech.
Around 60% of Czechs live in their own real estate (house or apartment), around 23 percent rent and a further 12 percent in cooperative apartments. The territory of the Czech Republic includes the three historical countries of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, with Prague being the only city with a population of over a million. Only 5 other cities have over 100,000 residents.
The economy has experienced a strong boom in recent years. But despite the proximity to Germany and the low cost of living, less than 1 percent of Germans currently live here. The latest tax reform is intended to reorganize the national budget, otherwise the way to the euro will remain blocked. The Czech Republic wants to become a good address for investors and for life. Some speak of a new tax haven between the Elbe and Moldau.
The Czech Republic consists of several circular valleys, which are enclosed by the large peripheral mountains such as the Ore Mountains and the Giant Mountains. The most beautiful and by far best-known city in the Czech Republic lies on the Vltava River: Prague. There are many architectural eras to discover in this historic city. Over 12 million tourists, mainly from Germany, Slovakia, Russia, the USA and China visit the Czech Republic annually, with the 12 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Prague among the main destinations.
General travel regulations (up to the corona pandemic)
Border controls are a thing of the past. EU citizens do not need a residence permit for a stay of up to 90 days. The travel document must be valid at least until the end of the journey. A valid photo ID is required for every person in every hotel or hostel.
Immigration, permanent residence, residence permit
EU citizens are required to report to the locally responsible aliens police within 30 days. However, this does not apply if you live in a hotel or guest house.
EU citizens are entitled (not obliged) to apply for an EC residence permit at the locally responsible immigration authority (www.mvcr.cz). For the application you need a valid identity card or passport as well as two passport photos, the reason for your stay (e.g. employment contract) and proof of health insurance.
In the Czech Republic there is a statutory minimum wage which is currently CZK 14,600 (approx. 570 euros) per month (gross) or CZK 87.30 (approx. 3.40 euros) per hour (gross). The average monthly wage in the 2nd quarter of 2019 was CZK 34,105 (approx. € 1,320). While you earn very little in the hotel industry, for example, the monthly wages of managing directors of a medium-sized or large company bring it to € 5,000 to € 15,000. In December 2020, unemployment was 3.1 percent, lower than in any other EU country.
According to countryvv, you do not need a work permit to start work. Due to the large amount of Czech-German economic cooperation, it is advisable that German applicants contact these companies. The addresses of these companies can be found in the yellow pages, for example. Personnel is currently being sought in the following areas, for example: engineers, mechanics, locksmiths and designers.
To start work in the Czech Republic, you should have at least a basic knowledge of the Czech language. It is better, however, if you can speak colloquially in Czech.
Foreigners from the EU can easily buy or rent real estate in the Czech Republic. However, it is an advantage to seek help from an experienced real estate agency.
Cost of living
On average, the cost of living only reaches the German level in Prague. In rural regions, they are usually significantly lower. However, there are also some goods that are more expensive than in Germany. Prague is by far the most expensive place. In rural locations and other cities, almost everything is cheaper, from vegetables to going to the cinema to meat products. The situation is similar with rents.
You would need around € 2,666.90 in Prague to maintain the same standard of living that you could have in Berlin with € 3,700.00 (assuming you rent in the cities).
- Consumer prices in Prague are 26.65% lower than in Berlin (excluding rent)
- Consumer prices including rent in Prague are 27.92% lower than in Berlin
- Rental prices in Prague are 30.67% lower than in Berlin
- Restaurant prices in Prague are 37.28% lower than in Berlin
- Food prices in Prague are 23.06% lower than in Berlin
- The local purchasing power in Prague is 30.57% lower than in Berlin
Average cost of living in Prague (from 08/2020 – 07/2021)
|Restaurant||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Food, price w. restaurant||5.87||4.69-9.78|
|Middle class, 3 courses for 2 people.||31.29||23.46-58.66|
|Local beer, 0.5 l||1.56||1.17 – 1.96|
|Imported beer, 0.33 l||1.96||1.37-2.93|
|Coca / Pepsi (0.33 l)||1.35||0.98-1.76|
|Water (0.33 l)||1.10||0.78-1.56|
|Food||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Milk (1 L)||0.78||0.51-1.13|
|White bread (500g)||1.00||0.59-1.56|
|Rice (white), (1kg)||1.45||0.78-2.34|
|Local cheese (1kg)||8.42||5.87-13.69|
|Chicken breast fillet (1kg)||5.75||3.52-7.82|
|Apples (1kg)||1.53||0.86 – 1.96|
|Lettuce (1 head)||1.06||0.70-1.37|
|Water (1.5 l)||0.54||0.35-0.78|
|Bottle of wine (middle class)||4.69||3.91-7.82|
|Local beer (0.5 l)||0.66||0.47-0.98|
|Imported beer (0.33 l)||1.42||0.78 – 1.96|
Average costs for local transport, utilities, clothing, leisure, education of Prague (from 08/2020 – 07/2021)
|Mode of Transport||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|One-time ticket||0.94||0.94 – 1.25|
|Taxi base amount||1.56||1.17-2.35|
|Taxi 1 km||1.10||0.78 – 1.41|
|Ancillary housing costs||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|for 85 sqm apartment (electricity, water, garbage, etc.||196.52||136.88-332.42|
|1 minute prepaid mobile tariff||0.13||0.08-0.16|
|Internet (60 Mbps or more, unlimited data, cable / ADSL)||19.79||15.64-27.34|
|Clothes, shoes||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Jeans (Levis 501 or similar)||68.87||39.07-101.68|
|Summer dress (Zara, H&M,…||34.18||19.55-58.66|
|Nike sports shoes, middle class||75.65||50.84-97.77|
|Leather business shoes||91.39||58.66-117.32|
|leisure time||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Fitness center, month / adult||34.37||19.55-54.75|
|Tennis, 1 hour on weekends||12.01||9.78-15.64|
|a movie ticket||7.82||5.87-9.78|
|training||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Preschool / Kindergarten, private, whole day, monthly per child||591.74||391.08-782.15|
|International primary school per year and child||9,939.19||4,692.93 – 17,598.47|
Average rental prices / purchase and salaries of Prague (from 08/2020 – 07/2021)
|Monthly rental price||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Apartment (1 bedroom) in the city center||692.71||547.51-977.69|
|Apartment (1 bedroom) outside the center||530.06||391.08-703.94|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) in the city center||1,204.64||977.69-1,564.31|
|Apartment (3 bedrooms) outside the center||855.12||664.83 – 1,114.57|
|Purchase price of apartments||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Price per square meter for an apartment in the city – purchase||5,496.30||4,692.93-7,821.54|
|Price per square meter – apartment outside the center – purchase||3,777.32||3,131.88-4497.39|
|wages||Ø € Price||€ Price from / to|
|Average monthly salary (after taxes)||1,286.86||–|
Emigration and living in the Czech Republic
- Easy immigration
- Somewhat cheaper life than in Western Europe (LHK-I 70.6)
- Peaceful Land (Peaceful Land Index: 8)
- Satisfied immigrants (satisfaction: 18)
- No employment permit necessary
- Immigration without complications
- You should be able to speak Czech